What are the multi-scale dynamics of neural networks in the healthy and diseased brain?

Research on neural networks at NeuroMarseille

Marseille neurosciences have an international leading position in the characterization of the organization and dynamics of brain networks, using all experimental, data analysis and modeling tools: microscopic (molecular, genetic, cellular), mesoscopic (neuronal circuits), macroscopic (whole brain, behavior). In this context, NeuroMarseille gathers 32 multidisciplinary teams working in collaboration in order to provide the original computational models with the experimental data and theoretical principles provided by the different groups.

To link it to research, NeuroSchool’s training courses include many course units related to this theme. Below you will find the list of the teams working on this theme as well as the related course units.

The research teams

The research teams collaborate to develop a better understanding of how behaviour emerges from neural network activity. Cooperating on multiple scales, they aim to improve, in a very significant way, our capacity for technological innovation and transfer to clinical applications.

Teams working on neural networks

List of the teamsTeam leader(s)
ATIP Neural bases of motivationFrédéric AmbroggiLNCSaint-Charles
Neurodevelopment of motor and social cognitionChristine AssaianteLNCSaint-Charles
Basal Ganglia, Motivation and RewardChristelle BaunezINTLa Timone
Neural basis of communicationPascal BelinINTLa Timone
Brain mappingChristian-G. BenarINSLa Timone
PhysioNetChristophe BernardINSLa Timone
Plasticity and Physio-pathology of rhythmics Motor networks (P3M)Frédéric BrocardINTLa Timone
Cognitive Motor Control (CoMCo)Thomas BrochierINTLa Timone
Attention, cerebral dynamics and chronometryBoris BurleLNCSaint-Charles
NEuronal OPerations in visual TOpographic mapsFrédéric ChavaneINTLa Timone
A developmental scaffold for the organization of cortical networksRosa CossartINMED Luminy
Methods and Computational AnatomyOlivier CoulonINTLa Timone
Neuronal coding and plasticity in epilepsyValérie CrépelINMED Luminy
Plasticity of neuronal excitability and epilepsyDominique DebanneUNISNord
Live imaging of cell interactions in the normal and diseased brain (IMAPATH)Franck DebardieuxINTLa Timone
Plasticity of Nervous and Muscular SystemsPatrick DecherchiISMLuminy
List of the teamsTeam leader(s)
Neural basis of somatosensory functionsPatrick DelmasLNCSaint-Charles
Social Cognition across Lifespan and PathologiesChristine DeruelleINTLa Timone
Molecular mechanisms of neurotransmitter releaseOussama El FarUNISNord
Neuronal coding of space and memoryJérôme EpszteinINMED Luminy
Micro-RNA & Social CognitionEduardo Gascon GonzaloINTLa Timone
Robustness of excitabilityJean-Marc GoaillardUNISNord
Theoretical neurosciencesViktor JirsaINSLa Timone
Multisense and bodyAnne KavounoudiasLNSCSaint-Charles
Inference in Visual BehavioursGuillaume MassonINTLa Timone
Neuronal Dynamics and AuditionArnaud NorenaLNSCSaint-Charles
Exploration of the healthy and pathological CNSJean-Philippe Ranjeva, Angèle ViolaCRMBMLa Timone
The neural bases of sensorimotor learningDavid Robbe, Ingrid BureauINMED Luminy
Neural bases of spatial cognitionFrancesca SargoliniLNCSaint-Charles
Dynamics of Cognitive ProcessesDaniele SchönINSLa Timone
Brain, Obesity and diet imbalanceJean-Denis Troadec LNCSaint-Charles
Spinal Cord and Cerebro-Spinal Fluid Interface (SpiCCI)Nicolas WanaverbecqINTLa Timone

The Human Brain Project

NeuroMarseille researchers are directly involved in the infrastructure of the Human Brain Project which is in the process of being perpetuated. In such a project, the identification of multi-scale networks and HPC (High Performance Computing) are considered a priority both at the European level and by the Marseille teams. Access to patients and clinical data, as well as whole-brain modelling, enables the integration of human imaging data, which is the foundation of personalised medicine. In this context, Marseille’s “Cerveau Virtuel” project is exemplary, and has led to the world’s first clinical trial of personalised modelling of brain networks in epileptic patients. This flagship project of the Human Brain Project offers a typical example of the use of the future European infrastructure. The brain conceived as a multi-scale network has thus become a key idea in the integration of scientific data for technology transfer.

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Education through research

In addition to traditional training related to the theme of research on neural networks, the teaching team has implemented numerous pedagogical innovations that link research and training. 

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Courses related to neural networks (all levels and specialities)

Course unitLevel
Physiology and modelling of the neuron
3rd year of Bachelor
From perception to action3rd year of Bachelor
3rd year of Bachelor
Physiology of major functions3rd year of Bachelor
From formal neuron to artificial intelligence3rd year of Bachelor
Representation of time and space3rd year of Bachelor
Computational Neurosciences3rd year of Bachelor
Cellular and molecular neurobiologyMaster
Neuronal excitability and information processingMaster
In-depth neurophysiologyMaster
Methods, signal analysis and imagingMaster
Cellular and molecular imagingMaster
Peripheral and central sensorimotricityMaster
Interdisciplinary approaches in neuroscienceMaster
Natural Cognition, Artificial Cognition and Neurosciences computationnellesMaster
In vivo brain imagingMaster
Specialised Integrative NeurosciencesMaster
Problem-based learning modules: neuronal activity, epilepsy, space, brain-machine interfaces, Parkinson's diseaseMaster
Clinical days on Parkinson's disease, brain-machine interface, epilepsyPhD
Courses: Measuring brain activity, Signal processing: key notions and basic programming, Pre-programmed computational neurosciencesPhD
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